管理入口 设为收藏 北林首页
海外专家
您所在的位置:首页>>师资队伍>> 海外专家
Dr. Thomas Andrew Black
来源:水保学院 作者:水保学院 时间:2014-04-04 访问量:

Curriculum Vitae: Dr. Thomas Andrew Black

Professor, Biometeorology and Soil Physics Group, University of BC

135-2357 Main Mall Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Ph: 604-822-2730, Fax: 604-822-4400

email: andrew.black@ubc.ca, web: www.agsci.ubc.ca/biomet

Education

University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA, Ph.D., Agrometeorology/Soil Physics, 1969

University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA, M.Sc., Agrometeorology/Soil Physics, 1968

University of British Columbia, Canada, B.Sc., Soil Science, 1964

Employment

Professor, University of British Columbia, 1980-present

Associate Professor, University of British Columbia, 1974-1980

Assistant Professor, University of British Columbia, 1969-1974

Current Research Projects

Impacts of climate and forest age on the carbon balance of West Coast and southern boreal forests, NSERC Discovery Grant, 2007-12.

Impact of nitrogen fertilization of coastal BC Douglas-fir stands on productivity, carbon sequestration and greenhouse gas emissions, NSERC Strategic Grant, (PI) 2008-10.

Impact of mountain pine beetle outbreak on the carbon and water balances of lodgepole pine stands in the BC Interior, NSERC Strategic Grant (PI) 2008-11.

Canadian Carbon Program (CCP, formerly Fluxnet Canada Research Network, FCRN) - BC (West Coast) Flux Station, CFCAS, (PI) 2007-11.

CCP - Saskatchewan (BERMS) Flux Station, CFCAS, (Co-I) 2007-11.

Sustainability of hybrid poplar plantations in Canada’s parklands, CFS NFC (PI) 2009-2012

Significant Research Contributions in the Past 5 Years

1.     We have found that it takes 15-20 years before harvested coastal Douglas-fir stands take up carbon (C) on an annual basis. The 2 El Niño events (1997-98 and 2002-03) resulted in increased temperatures, increased ecosystem respiration (R), and decreased net ecosystem productivity (NEP) or C sequestration. These results are important for understanding the impact of climate change on the forest C balance.

2.     Fertilization at 200 kg ha-1 N as urea of a 60-year-old Douglas-fir stands results in an increase in C sequestration of 2 ton C ha-1 year-1 over the 4 years following application.

3.     Warm springs greatly increase NEP as a result of early leaf emergence in boreal aspen forest. Early springs have little impact on annual NEP of boreal conifer stands, but it is significantly reduced by late springs.

4.     The automated chamber system designed in our laboratory was used at all CCP mature stands for making year round measurements of soil respiration. We have found that soil respiration is a large proportion of R and is controlled by soil temperature and moisture, phenology and gross ecosystem photosynthesis. Our measurements of soil CO2 concentration have enabled us to develop a model of soil CO2 production and transport, and improve our estimates of heterotrophic and autotrophic respiration using root exclusion plots.

Training of Highly Qualified Personnel (since 2007)

3 postdoc. fellows, 4 PhD students, 3 MSc students, 2 research associates, 1 research engineer, and 3 technicians.

Committees and Contributions to the Scientific Community

Chairman, BC Flux Station (FCRN and CCP) Science Team (2002 to 2011).

Chairman, FCRN Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement Protocol Committee and in charge of the “Cross-site EC flux measurement evaluation” project (2002-2007).

Member, FCRN and CCP Science Committees (2002-2011)

Member, Editorial board of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (1992-2011).

Member, Saskatchewan (BERMS) Flux Station (FCRN and CCP) Science Committee (1999 to 2011).

Member, FCRN Ecophysiology Protocols Committee (2002-2011).

Awards

Session honouring career achievements at AMS Agric. Forest Meteorology Meeting, 2010.

Killam Award for Excellence in Mentoring at UBC, November, 2006.

Outstanding Achievement Award in Biometeorology, American Meteorol. Society, 2003.

President's Prize, Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, 2004.

Invited Papers and Presentations (2007 to present)

Effects of fertilization on carbon and water balances in a Douglas-fir chronosequence on Vancouver Island, BC. Talk. Institute of Agric. Climate Research Braunschweig, Germany. September 21, 2010.

Climate variability, disturbance and nitrogen fertilization and the carbon and water balances of BC forests. Talk. Greenflux Meeting, Mierzęcin, Poland. September 13-15, 2010.

Impact of climate variability, disturbance and nitrogen fertilization on the carbon and water balances of BC Forests. Canadian Carbon Program Annual General Meeting, Montreal, Feb. 26-28, 2010.

Climate change, disturbance & the carbon balance of BC’s forests. Centre for Forest Biology UVic. Oct 22, 2009.

Carbon sequestration by BC’s forests in a changing climate. Public talk. VIU. March 25, 2009.

Carbon sequestration in BC’s forests and management options. PICS White paper, 19 p. Nov 16, 2008.

Forest fertilization, carbon sequestration and N2O emissions. CCP AGM, Calgary, AB, March 14-16, 2008.

Carbon cycling research at the BC station. FCRN Annual General Meeting, Ottawa, ON. March 9-11, 2007.

Selected recent published paper (2007 to present) (career total 203)

Jassal, R.S., Black, T.A., Nesic, Z., 2011. Biophysical controls of soil CO2 efflux in two coastal Douglas-fir stands at different temporal scales. Agric. For. Meteorol. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.05.002.

Brümmer, C., Black, T.A., Jassal, R.S. et al. 2011. How climate and vegetation type influence evapotranspiration and water use efficiency in Canadian forest, peatland and grassland ecosystems. Agric. For. Meteorol. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.04.008.

Hilker, T., Lepine, L., Coops, N.C., Jassal, R.S., Black, T.A. et al. 2011. Assessing the impact of N-fertilization on biochemical composition and biomass of a Douglas-fir canopy- a remote sensing approach. Agric. For. Meteorol. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.03.014.

Jassal, R.S., Black, T.A., Cai, T. et al. 2010. Impact of nitrogen fertilization on carbon and water balances in a chronosequence of three Douglas-fir stands in the Pacific Northwest. Agric. For. Meteorol. 150, 208—218.

Hember, R.A., Coops, N.C., Black, T.A., Guy, R.D. 2010. Simulating gross primary production across a chronosequence of coastal Douglas-fir forest stands with a production efficiency model. Agric. For. Meteorol. 150, 238—253.

Krishnan, P., Black, T.A., Jassal, R.S., Nesic, Z. 2009. Interannual variability in the C balance of three different-aged Pacific Northwest Douglas-fir stands. J. Geophys. Res. 114, G04011, doi:10.1029/2008JG000912.

Chen, B., Black, T.A., Coops, N.C. et al. 2009. Assessing tower flux footprint climatology and scaling between remotely sensed and eddy covariance measurements. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 130, 137—167.

Gaumont-Guay, D., Black, T.A., McCaughey et al. 2009. Soil CO2 efflux in contrasting boreal deciduous and coniferous stands and its contribution to the ecosystem carbon balance. Global Change Biol. 15, 1302—1319.

Cai, T. Flanagan, L., Jassal, R.S., Black, T.A. 2008. Modeling environmental and ecological controls on the C isotope composition of ecosystem respired CO2 in a coastal Douglas-fir forest. Plant Cell Environ. 31, 435-453.

Jassal, R.S., Black, T.A., Chen, B. et al. 2008. N2O emissions and carbon sequestration in a nitrogen-fertilized Douglas-fir stand. J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2008JG000764.

Hilker, T. Coops, N.C., Schwalm, C., Jassal, R.S., Black, T.A., Krishnan, P. 2008. Effects of mutual shading of tree crowns on prediction of photosynthetic light use efficiency in a coastal Douglas-fir Forest. Tree Physiol. 28, 825-834.

Jassal, R.S., Black, T.A., Cai, T. et al. 2007. Components of ecosystem respiration and estimates of net primary productivity of an intermediate-aged Douglas-fir stand. Agric. For. Meteorol. 144, 44-57.

Coops, N.C., Black, T.A., Jassal, R.S., et al. 2007. Comparison of MODIS, eddy covariance determined and physiologically modelled gross primary production (GPP) in a Douglas-fir forest stand. Remote Sens. Environ. 107, 385-401.

校外链接 教育部 水利部 科技部 国家林业局 国家基金委 中国水土保持学会 北京市园林绿化局 水土保持生态网

copyright @ 北京林业大学水土保持学院

地址:海淀区清华东路35号